Band Photo: Metal Church (?)
From: Seattle, WA, United States
Last Known Status: Disbanded
Latest Metal Church News
Below is our complete Metal Church news coverage, including columns and articles pertaining to the band. Some articles listed may be indirectly related, such as side projects of the band members, etc.
Note: We began associating news directly with bands in late 2003. Therefore, earlier band news may not be listed on this page.
METAL CHURCH singer Ronny Munroe has issued the following update:
"As you all know we are busy working on the new release. Metal Church is back with a vengeance and we know where you are. In appreciation for our fans old and new over the past two plus decades we have decided to accept artwork for the new cover from those who know us best.....our Congregation! If we accept your artwork and use it we will include your name on the CD.
The working title of the new release is "This Present Wasteland." So use your imagination. We will desplay some of the artwork we get on the Metal Church myspace page for everyone to see. We know there are many talented fans out there and we would love to see one of you get the cover. You can submit your artwork to This_Present_Wasteland @yahoo.com.
This new release is sounding incredable and we are all very excited for you to hear it. Until then good luck and Metal Horns to you."
METAL CHURCH have issued the following update:
"Due to personal reasons, Jay Reynolds (guitars) has left Metal Church. We thank him for his contributions to the band, and wish him all the best in future endeavors. Jay's replacement has not been decided upon yet, but it will be announced when a decision has been reached."
As previously reported, vocalist Runny Munroe recently checked in with the following update:
"As we start recording the new songs I want to take a moment and answer a few questions that we get over and over. The first one is when people ask if Metal Church is a christian band. The name started when Kurdt lived in an apartment in San Francisco and everyone came there to play. They nicknamed it the Metal Church and that is where the band name came from. We are not secular although Metal Church has always tried to write thought provoking lyrics about life, money, war, politics etc. Things we can all identify with.
There have always been many people that compare me to the previous singers. I know there are fans that prefer David Wayne or Mike Howe and I accept that there will always be the comparison because that is life. We each have our own styles. I have to say that I was a Metal Church fan. I remember cranking the car stereo and singing to 'Gods Of Wrath' at the top of my lungs wishing someday that would be me. Not many people can realize their dreams so I am grateful for where I am both as a fan like yourselves and as a member of such a great band that has stayed true to their music. If you are a David Wayne fan, Mike Howe fan or a Ronny Munroe fan it doesn't matter because you are a Metal Church fan and that is all I care about.
Kurdt (Vanderhoof) is and always will be the soul behind the music. He is a quiet talent that has been given many labels. I hear over and over Metal Church being one of the pioneers of thrash. Mr. Kurdt Vanderhoof is a musical genius in my opinion but the label I want to give him is that he is a great guy and good friend.
It is is our nature to resist change and Metal Church has had its share of change. Metal Church has also stayed true and as I see the younger fans banging their heads to our music just like I did at their age and I know all is good in this world. Metal is here to stay and is being kept alive by the fans and now by their children. How F*ing cool is that? Being a parent myself I know it is hard to find things to have in common with your teenager but this music has built that bridge.
So as we record the new music that will be released this year we do this for you the fans and for the love of the music. We look forward to seeing you all on the road this year. It will be a very busy year both in Europe and the US. I hope we can get to South America as well. The tour is currently being planned so if you want to see us in your town let us know."
Utah-based progressive/power metallers KATAGORY V will perform as METAL CHURCH vocalist Ronny Munroe's backing band in Las Vegas, Nevada on New Year's Eve.
Commented KATAGORY V bassist Dustin Mitchell: "When we got the call from our friend Jeff (promoter, Loud Productions) about possibly putting together a New Year's party in Las Vegas, we were totally game for that. However, we would not be performing as KATAGORY V, but instead as Ronny Munroe's backing band! We have been friends with Ronny for some time now, and when the favor was asked of us to help out with this gig, we had to no other answer but 'Hell yes!'"
The Ronny Munroe New Year's Eve show will include songs from METAL CHURCH, his solo CD, ROTTWEILLER, KATAGORY V and more.
Munroe has been recording material for new solo project. Joining Munroe in the group are his former ROTTWEILLER bandmates Rick Van Zandt on guitar, Izzy Rehaume on bass and Doug Marapodi on drums along with Q-5/TKO/NIGHTSHADE guitarist Rick Pierce.
Professionally filmed video footage of METAL CHURCH performing the classic song "Gods of Wrath" at the Wacken Open Air 2005 festival in Wacken, Germany can be viewed below.
METAL CHURCH's latest album, "A Light in the Dark", was released in June 2006 via SPV. The CD includes a new version of the classic "Watch the Children Pray" as a tribute to vocalist David Wayne, who passed away in May 2005.
METAL CHURCH frontman Ronny Munroe has been recording material for new solo project. Joining Munroe in the group are his former ROTTWEILLER bandmates Rick Van Zandt on guitar, Izzy Rehaume on bass and Doug Marapodi on drums along with Q-5/TKO/NIGHTSHADE guitarist Rick Pierce. More...
LIZZY BORDEN will film a video this weekend for the song "Tomorrow Never Comes".
The clip, which will be shot on location in downtown Los Angeles with director Kevin Mcvey, is described as "a haunted little tale."
This will be the first video from the band's forthcoming album, "Appointment with Death", due in the U.S. on October 30 via Metal Blade Records (November 5 in Europe). Appearing in the clip will be bandmembers Lizzy Borden, Joey Scott, Marten Andersson and Ira Black.
"Appointment with Death" was produced by Lizzy Borden and Joey Scott. It was recorded at the Zanzibar studios in N. Hollywood CA and was mixed by Erik Rutan (HATE ETERNAL, ex-MORBID ANGEL) at Mana sound in Florida
Like all past Lizzy Borden recordings, "Appointment with Death" is a conceptual piece; this concept is centered around the theme of, as the title implies, death.
Commented Lizzy: "Oddly enough, writing eleven songs about death was no easy task for me; lyrically being graphic or grotesque would have been too easy, and being overly morbid would bring nothing new to the concept. I wrote this just like I have all of the other LB recordings, as a play or a movie. There is a beginning, middle and an end with the lead character taking us on a journey. Death is all around us, lurking, waiting to pounce, striking fear and antagonizing the living in many different ways, I tried to explore some of those ways in the most poetic way that I know how."
The music on "Appointment with Death" was composed by Lizzy, Ira Black, Marten Andersson and Joey Scott and is epic, heavy, dark and melodic — everything a traditional LIZZY BORDEN recording should be and more. With new guitarist Ira Black along with Marten Andersson on bass and co/founder Joey Scott on the drums, the LIZZY BORDEN sound has evolved into a multi-dimensional ever-lasting-gobstopper working just as well in an ipod as it has always done on stage.
Said Lizzy: "These musicians are more then just special guests, they all, each in their own original way helped to create this work of fiction and bring 'Appointment with Death' to life."
Musicians appearing on the CD:
Lizzy (LIZZY BORDEN)
Joey Scott (LIZZY BORDEN)
Marten Andersson (LIZZY BORDEN, GEORGE LYNCH)
Ira Black (LIZZY BORDEN, METAL CHURCH)
George Lynch (DOKKEN, LYNCH MOB)
Dave Meniketti (Y & T)
Corey Beaulieu (TRIVIUM)
Jonas Hansson (SILVER MOUNTAIN)
Erik Rutan (HATE ETERNAL, ex-MORBID ANGEL)
Michael T. Ross (ANGEL, HARDLINE)
METAL CHURCH frontman Ronny Munroe has lined up the following dates with his solo project:
Sep. 19 - Fat City - San Francisco, CA
Sep. 20 - Club Vegas - Salt Lake City, UT
Sep. 22 - Paladino's – Tarzana, CA
Sep. 29 - Studio Seven – Seattle, WA (w/ LILLAIN AXE)
Due to so many requests for Munroe's solo tracks after putting them on his MySpace, he has made a limited number of CD copies of his three-song EP available for $3.99. They can be purchased from www.myspace.com/ronnymunroe or Ronny's web site where there is a PayPal button.
Munroe has finalized the lineup for his solo project. He has recruited his former ROTTWEILLER bandmates Rick Van Zandt on guitar, Izzy Rehaume on bass and Doug Marapodi on drums along with Q-5/TKO/NIGHTSHADE guitarist Rick Pierce.
METAL CHURCH's latest album, "A Light in the Dark", was released in Europe on June 19, 2006 (June 27 in the U.S.) via SPV. The CD includes a new version of the classic "Watch the Children Pray" as a tribute to vocalist David Wayne, who passed away in May 2005.
Heavy metal fans will be banging their heads in delight this fall with the release of Rhinos's "Heavy Metal Box," due Oct. 2. The four-disc, 70-song set boasts classic tracks from Iron Maiden, Judas Priest, Motorhead and Slayer, among dozens of others.
Arranged chronologically from 1968 to 1991, the compilation also boasts hits from bands like Deep Purple, Metallica, Black Sabbath, Iron Butterfly, Pantera, Alice Cooper, Venom, Testament, Rush and Megadeth; the project will be packaged in a box resembling a Marshall guitar amp.
The liner notes will include extensive photos, track commentary and interviews with Ronnie James Dio and Lita Ford.
Here is the track list for "The Heavy Metal Box": More...
On Saturday, July 14th, veteran Metal Church singer Ronny Munroe will be performing an acoustic set of a few new songs from his solo effort as well as some Metal Church classics at Kimo's in San Francisco. He will joined at the show by longtime friend Dennis Turner,co-writer and guitar player from Far Cry. Other acts scheduled to appear include Krawl, Forever's End, and 6 Days to Nowhere
Munroe recently confirmed the lineup set for his solo project. He has recruited his former Rottweiler bandmates Rick Van Zandt on guitar, Izzy Rehaume on bass and Doug Marapodi on drums and Q-5/TKO/Nightshade guitarist Rick Pierce. Look for Ronny Munroe's band to do some warm-up dates in September along with playing at the upcoming Clive Aid (www.cliveaid.com) on September 22nd at the L.A. Forum. Ronny is currently working on demo songs for his new CD. Look for a new Ronny Munroe full length CD to be released in the near future.
METAL CHURCH frontman Ronny Munroe will perform an acoustic set of some of his new songs from his upcoming solo effort as well as select METAL CHURCH tracks on July 14 at Kimo's in San Francisco. He will joined at the show by Dennis Turner, his longtime friend, co-writer and guitar player from FAR CRY. Also scheduled to appear are KRAWL, FOREVER'S END and 6 DAYS TO NOWHERE.
Munroe has finalized the lineup for his solo project. He has recruited his former ROTTWEILLER bandmates Rick Van Zandt on guitar, Izzy Rehaume on bass and Doug Marapodi on drums along with Q-5/TKO/NIGHTSHADE guitarist Rick Pierce. Ronny is currently working on demo songs for his new CD, tentatively due later in the year. Look for Ronny Munroe's band to do some warm-up dates in September along with playing at the upcoming Clive Aid on September 22 at the Los Angeles Forum.
METAL CHURCH's video for the song "Mirror of Lies" has been posted online at YouTube. The clip was shot by Roax Films on the band's "Light in the Dark" summer European tour at the Wacken Open Air festival and in Hamburg at the Markthalle.
METAL CHURCH's latest album, "A Light in the Dark", was released in Europe on June 19, 2006 (June 27 in the U.S.) via SPV. The CD includes a new version of the classic "Watch the Children Pray" as a tribute to vocalist David Wayne, who passed away in May 2005. More...
Zonda Books has posted this press release:
Garry Sharpe-Young's latest book, "Thrash Metal", is being readied for publication this September. In addition, Zonda Books publishes Garry's "Death Metal", "Black Metal" and "Power Metal" all before the end of the year. These MusicMight titles replace the 2001 editions, which have consistently ranked number 1 on their Amazon.com searches for five years and more.
Thrash Metal. At first mocked by the Rock traditionalists Thrash would swamp the hard n' heavy world propelling one of its own - METALLICA, to the very pinnacle of Rock's elite.
In the early 80s Thrash breathed new life into the Rock scene providing older acts with a much needed kick. This new force opened the floodgates to armies of teens armed with flying Vs, bullet belts and a sense of purpose that would fuel genres such as Thrashcore, Crossover and technical Speed Metal. Without Thrash there would be no Death Metal, no Black Metal. That explosion of aggression has seen subsequent afterblasts, most recently Europe and South America has seen a genuine renaissance of Thrash Metal.
Without doubt, Thrash Metal still continues to make its mark in the biggest possible way. The "big four" - METALLICA, MEGADETH, ANTHRAX and SLAYER are all documented here in the greatest possible detail with full, up to the minute histories, exclusive photographs and global discographies, which include demos, albums, singles, chart positions, track listings and catalogue numbers. Over 400,000 words leave no stone left unturned in pursuit of knowledge of ex-members, rare recordings and career milestones. The author has interviewed all these major acts. Indeed, he interviewed METALLICA's late Cliff Burton just days before his passing. The early days of MEGADETH are straight from the mouth of Dave Mustaine.
Also covered are the legion of groundbreaking Bay Area acts such as METAL CHURCH, TESTAMENT, EXODUS, DEATH ANGEL and HIRAX. The European thrash explosion of KREATOR, RAGE, DESTRUCTION, SODOM, GRAVE DIGGER and HELLOWEEN is also covered in frightening detail. The Pagan Thrash of SABBAT, the avant garde eccentricity of CELTIC FROST and the Funk Thrash of MORDRED - it's all here. The second wave of thrash with major artists such as SEPULTURA, PANTERA and MACHINE HEAD takes the genre right up to the new breed of Thrashers, now a truly world-wide phenomenon. All examined in depth.
Having achieved its quarter of a century, Thrash Metal is not only alive, it is thriving. If you thought this rawest form of Heavy Metal was consigned to the past this book will deliver a rude awakening! Read the book, buy the records and bang that head!!
The scope of 'Thrash Metal' includes artists such as A.N.I.M.A.L., ABANDONED, ABATTOIR, ACCUSSER, ACID, ACID DRINKERS, ACID REIGN, ACROPHET, AFTERMATH, AGENT STEEL, AGONY, AGRESSOR, AIRDASH, AMEBIX, ANESTHESY, ANGEL WITCH, ANGKOR WAT, ANNIHILATOR, ANTHRAX, ANVIL, ANVIL CHORUS, APOKALYPTIC RAIDS, ARBITRATER, ARCH ENEMY, ARMORED SAINT, ARMOURED ANGEL, ARTILLERY, ASSASSIN, AT WAR, ATHEIST, ATOMIZER, ATOMKRAFT, ATROPHY, AZOTIC REIGN...
And that's just some of the "A"'s!
Ravage, the heavy metal band from Boston MA, has been added to the bill in support of 80's classic metal icons METAL CHURCH and MELIAH RAGE at their appearance on January 27th at Mark's Showplace in Bedford NH. Advance tickets can be purchased by contacting firstname.lastname@example.org
Ravage is currently at work on the band's second album "Damn Nation" - slated for release some time in early 2007. The band's "Spectral Rider" album was released through Karthago Records in October of 2005.
METAL CHURCH have lined up the following tour dates to kick off the new year:
January 12 - Aurora, CO @ Hubba's House of Rock
January 13 - Ft Collins, CO @ Aggie Theater
January 14 - Topeka, KS @ Static Bar
January 15 - St Paul, MN @ Station 4
January 16 - Mokena, IL @ The Pearl Room
January 18 - Detroit, MI @ I-Rock Nightclub
January 19 - Cleveland, OH @ Peabody's
January 20 - Poughkeepsie, NY @ The Chance
January 21 - Montreal, QC @ Petit Campus
January 22 - Toronto, ON @ Lee's Palace -
January 23 - Rochester, NY @ Penny Arcade
January 25 - Hartford, CT @ Webster Theatre
January 26 - Sommerville, MA @ Goodtimes Emporium
January 27 - Bedford, NH @ Mark's Place
January 28 - New York, NY @ B.B. King Blues Club w/ Overkill
January 29 - Springfield, VA @ Jaxx
January 30 - Fayetteville, NC @ Jesters Pub
January 31 - Nashville, TN @ The Muse
February 8 - Albuquerque, NM @ Launch Pad
February 9 - El Paso, TX @ Texas Avenue Live
February 10 - Glendale, AZ @ Bulldogz
February 12 - West Hollywood, CA @ Whiskey A Go Go
February 13 - San Francisco, CA @ The Pound
February 14 - Portland, OR @ Roseland Grill
February 17 - Seattle, WA @ Studio Seven
According to MTV.com, a new DVD series called "Dynamo Classic Concert 1991" will launch this fall via Escapi Music with a performance by METAL CHURCH filmed that year at the Dynamo Open Air Festival in Eindhoven, Holland. Other bands that played Dynamo that year include ARMORED SAINT, MORBID ANGEL, EXTREME, OBITUARY, PRIMUS and SAIGON KICK. The METAL CHURCH DVD is scheduled for release October 10.
METAL CHURCH's latest album, "A Light in the Dark", was released in Europe on June 19 (June 27 in the U.S.) via SPV. The CD includes a new version of the classic "Watch the Children Pray" as a tribute to vocalist David Wayne, who passed away in May 2005.
Guitarist Kurdt Vanderhoof, who doubled as sound engineer and producer during the recordings, had previously promised an offering featuring all the important trademarks of typical METAL CHURCH tracks. "Before our new drummer Jeff Plate joined the band, I would have claimed that the new album will be a traditional heavy metal album through and through," he said. "Now I'm not so sure we may end up experimenting with the odd unusual idea, but we'll stay within the framework defined by the band's history. 'A Light in the Dark' will represent what the name METAL CHURCH has been standing for for the last twenty years."
METAL CHURCH's current band lineup consists of Vanderhoof (guitar), Ronny Munroe (vocals), Jay Reynolds (guitar), Steve Unger (bass) and Jeff Plate (drums).
METAL CHURCH will embark on a U.S. tour in January 2007. Confirmed dates so far are as follows:
Jan. 12 - Hubba's House of Rock - Aurora, CO
Jan. 13 - Starlight - Ft. Coillins, CO
Jan. 15 - Station 4 - St. Paul, MN
Jan. 20 - The Chance - Poughkeepsie, NY
Jan. 21 - Petit Campus - Montreal, CAN
Jan. 25 - Webster Theater - Hartford, CT
Jan. 26 - Good Times Emporium - Sommerville, MA
Jan. 27 - Mark's Place - Bedford, NH
Jan. 28 - BB Kings Blues Club - New York, NY
Jan. 29 - Jaxx - West Springfield, VA
Jan. 30 - Jester's Pub - Fayetteville, NC
METAL CHURCH have announced the track listing for their new album, "A Light in the Dark", due in Europe on June 19 (June 16 in Germany) via SPV and U.S. on June 27. The album will include a new version of the classic "Watch the Children Pray" as a tribute to vocalist David Wayne, who passed away in May 2005.
Guitarist Kurdt Vanderhoof, who doubled as sound engineer and producer during the recordings, promises an offering featuring all the important trademarks of typical METAL CHURCH tracks. "Before our new drummer Jeff Plate joined the band, I would have claimed that the new album will be a traditional heavy metal album through and through," he said. "Now I'm not so sure; we may end up experimenting with the odd unusual idea, but we'll stay within the framework defined by the band's history. 'A Light in the Dark' will represent what the name METAL CHURCH has been standing for for the last twenty years."
"A Light in the Dark" (cover) track listing:
01. Light in the Dark
02. More Than Your Master
04. Pill for the Kill
05. Mirror of Lies
06. Light Machine
07. Blinded by Life
08. Beyond All Reason
09. Under the Gun
10. Caught Up
11. No Remainds
12. Watch the Children Play (tribute)
METAL CHURCH have announced two warm-up dates in their home state of Washington prior to the start of their European tour, which is scheduled to kick off May 31. The details are as follows:
May 26 - Vancouver, WA @ Hazeldell Grange Hall
May 27 - Seattle, WA @ Studio Seven
METAL CHURCH's current band line-up consists of Vanderhoof (guitar), Ronny Munroe (vocals), Jay Reynolds (guitar), Steve Unger (bass) and new addition Jeff Plate (drums).
Support on the band's European trek will come from VICTORY and GORILLA MONSOON.
Lizzy Borden have announced the following headlining shows along with a west coast tour with W.A.S.P.:
May 5 - Las Vegas, Nevada @ Empire Ballroom
May 6 - Lakewood, CO @ Ecks Salon
May 7 - Loveland, CO @ Shaffers White Buffalo
May 19 - Sacramento, CA @ Kennel Club
May 21 - San Diego, CA @ Canes
May 22 - Scottsdale, AZ @ Cajun House
May 23 - El Paso, TX @ Stampede
May 24 Chihuahua, Mexico @ Club Private
May 26 - Arlington, TX @ Dreamworld Music Complex
May 27 - Houston, TX @ Forgetta Bout it
May 28 - Victoria, TX @ Riverside Convention
June 1 - Albuquerque, NM @ Sunshine Theatre
June 4 - Los Angeles, CA @ Key Club
June 6 - Santa Ana, CA @ Galaxy Theatre
Lizzy Borden has announced the addition of guitarist, Ira Black (Metal Church, Vicious Rumors).
"Ira came in, turned up and started shredding up the place, I can't wait for everyone to hear him play all the Borden songs. The rehearsals so far have been just crushing! He's just the new blood we've been dying for"
The band, however, have decided to go back to their classic line up of two guitarists, so they are still on the lookout for a second guitarist of equal abilities.
Any interested parties:
- MUST live in Los Angeles
- Must be a shredder with taste (Rhoads/Wylde)
- Must have stage presence and be a part of the Lizzy Borden Show.
Send us a link to your website so we may hear samples of your playing and see pictures. No snail mail please.
Texas metal act Azrael’s Bane has joined the line up for Texas Metal Health IV, a tribute to Metal Master David Wayne. The 4th annual benefit features Reverend, Azrael’s Bane, Ignitor, Ancient Cross, and Drifter. PICC Line Productions and TacomaScene.com present Texas Metal Health IV, A Tribute to Metal Master David Wayne, May 13th, 2006 at Sam’s Burger Joint in San Antonia, Texas. PICC Line Productions is an officially recognized third party fundraiser for the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society, who promotes music in support of the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society.
Five more bands have been confirmed for BLOODSTOCK OPEN AIR, which takes place on 14th-15th July 2006. The festival, in its second year, will offer the UK an equivalent show to the major European Metal Festivals, albeit on a smaller scale for a 5000 capacity. However all the things you would expect from such a festival will be present. Food, Stalls, Camping, Beer tent (housing the second stage) with Metal Karaoke up to 2am each night for those of you who can stand 14 hours of metal per day.
The following bands were just confirmed for Bloodstock Open Air 2006:
Metal Church (Friday)
Callenish Circle (Saturday)
and The UK's own THRASH TILL DEATH TOUR appearing on STAGE 2 on Friday 14th July.
The full BOA lineup currently consists of: More...
The following statement from Metal Church:
"Due to health complications from years of struggling with diabetes, Kirk Arrington has stepped down as METAL CHURCH's drummer. He will be missed and we wish him only the best.
"We are pleased to announce that filling Kirk's shoes is the 'one and only' Mr. Jeff Plate (SAVATAGE, CHRIS CAFFERY, TRANS SIBERIAN ORCHESTRA).
"We are very honored to have a musician of Jeff's caliber working with us and we know that he will do a fantastic job in METAL CHURCH."
For more on Jeff, visit his web site at www.jeffplate.com.
METAL CHURCH are currently working on the follow-up to 2004's "The Weight of the World", tentatively due later in the year via SPV Records. The band's current lineup is completed by guitarists Kurdt Vanderhoof and Jay Reynolds (ex-MALICE), vocalist Ronny Munroe (ex-SAVATAGE, CHRIS CAFFERY, TRANS SIBERIAN ORCHESTRA), and bassist Steve Unger. A short European tour is scheduled for June.
According to a posting on REVEREND's official web site, the surviving members of the group have begun rehearsing with vocalist Dennis Carnell, brother of the band's late frontman David Wayne (ex-METAL CHURCH). "All is going well. We will keep you up to-date. Still more to do Sunday [Nov. 6]," the group write.
Wayne's bandmates had previously stated about David's passing, "When a bandmate dies, the remaining members have to make a decision; continue on with the same beliefs, values, and direction, or stop playing together and pursue other projects. In our case, David left us specific instructions. After a period of mourning and in David Wayne's honor, we will follow through with the 'Godfather of Metal''s wishes.
"We are working on our older material plus the new collaborated songs with lyrics by David Wayne and are in search of a lead vocalist. We are not seeking a replacement for David Wayne, but a vocalist who wants metal to be metal and carry on the tradition and give justice to the lyrics and music of REVEREND!"
REVEREND 2005 is:
Davey Lee - Guitar
Nacho Vara - Guitar
Jesse Vara - Drums
Brendon Kyle - Bass
As previously reported, Wayne died on May 10, 2005 due to complications from injuries he sustained in a head-on automobile accident several months earlier. He was 47 years old.